THE RED-HOT ONE HUNDRED

  • The 100 'easiest' or most common words required for CE Level 1.
     


By their very nature, the words selected for this group are likely to be so well-known, or else to have such obvious English derivatives that it makes VDB prompts rather unnecessary...

Don't worry, the best (?) is yet to come...!

** Some of the VDB prompts use English words similar to, but not actually derived from the Latin. This 'double-star' symbol is used to warn you that the word should not be considered an 'official' English derivative!

QUICK JUMP LINKS 

To jump quickly to a particular vocab table on the page, follow the links below:


NOUNS 1st decl: click #nouns1stdecl

NOUNS 2nd masc: click #nouns2ndmasc

NOUNS 2nd neuter: click #nouns2ndneut

ADJECTIVES: click #adjectives

PRONOUNS: click #pronouns

PREPOSITIONS: click #prepositions

ADVERBS: click #adverbs

CONJUNCTIONS: click #conjunctions 

VERBS 1st conj: click #verbs1stconj

VERBS 2nd conj: click #verbs2ndconj

VERBS 3rd conj: click #verbs3rdconj 

VERBS Mixed conj: click #verbsmixedconj

VERBS 4th conj: click #verbs4thconj 

VERBS: irreg: click #verbsirreg 

NOUNS

1st Declension: -A, -AE (mostly fem)

LATIN

ENGLISH

DERIVATIVE

VDB PROMPT

 AGRICOLAFARMERagriculture

    the  farmer is  getting  'a(n)gri'...

ANCILLASLAVE-GIRLancillary'anci-panci'
AQUAWATERaqueduct, aquatic(deriv.)
DEAGODDESSdeity, deifysee prompt for 'DEUS': feminine version!
FEMINAWOMANfeminine(deriv.)
INSULAISLANDinsulate, peninsulawater wrapped around the island
NAUTASAILORnautical, astronautJason & the Argonauts
POETAPOETpoetryumm...!
PUELLAGIRL?female 'puer'
REGINAQUEENreign'Elizabeth Regina'
SAGITTAARROWSagittarius, the centaur archerhe shot the STAG with a SAG  
TERRALAND, GROUNDterrain, subterraneanFr: pomme de terre
VILLA(Country) HOUSEvillagesame word!

 

 

NOUNS

2nd Declension: -US, -I (all masc)

LATIN

ENGLISH

DERIVATIVE

VDB PROMPT

AMICUSFRIENDamicable

connect with 'AMO'

CIBUSFOOD?'cibus' (give us!) this day our daily bread
DEUSGODdeity, deifyZeus, the chief Deus
DOMINUSMASTERdominatehe's a Grand Master at Dominoes
EQUUSHORSEequestrian(deriv.)
GLADIUSSWORDgladiator(deriv.)
ROMANUSROMANromanticer....
SERVUSSLAVEservantthe slaves will serv'us
NOUNS

2nd Declension: -ER, -I (all masc)

LIBERBOOKlibrary(deriv.)
MAGISTER TEACHER  magistrate(deriv.)  
PUERBOYpuerile(deriv.)

 

 

NOUNS

2nd Declension neuter: -UM, -I

LATIN

ENGLISH

DERIVATIVE

VDB PROMPT

BELLUMWARbelligerent, rebellion

meaning of deriv.

FORUMMARKETPLACEforensica funny thing happened....
OPPIDUMTOWNoppidan  (scholar)helps to know 'oppugno': attack the town 
TEMPLUMTEMPLEtempleumm...
THEATRUMTHEATREtheatricaler......
VERBUMWORDverb, verbal(deriv.)
VINUMWINEvine, vineyard(deriv.)

 

 

ADJECTIVES

              1st/2nd Declension: -US -A -UM,  or -ER -A -UM  

LATIN

ENGLISH

DERIVATIVE

VDB PROMPT

ALTUS

, HIGH, DEEP

altitude

(deriv.)

BONUSGOODFr: bonit's good to get a bonus
FESSUSTIRED?connect with digging a 'fossa' (ditch): 'The fossa made him fessus' - (old pupils know the original of this: a play on the name of an old PE teacher: 'FOSSUS makes you FESSUS'!) 
IRATUSANGRYiratethe I.R.A. were very angry (also some find **irritate** a help)
LAETUSHAPPY?'light'-hearted
MAGNUSBIG, GREATmagnifya Magnum is a big ice-cream
MALUSBAD, NASTYmalicious, malfunctionderiv.; (also schoolboy slang based on 'mal-coordinated'!)
MISER misera miserumMISERABLE, POOR, WRETCHEDmiserablederiv.; also English 'miser'
MULTUSMANY, LOTS OFmultiplye.g. multi-coloured
PARVUSLITTLE, SMALL?fem. 'parva': a larva is a small insect: 'parva larva'
PERTERRITUSTERRIFIEDterrified'per' + 'territus' - frightened through & through: **petrified** unfortunately also usually works
  PULCHER    pulchra pulchrumBEAUTIFULpulchritudeusually helps to connect with 'puella'! "She's a puella pulchra"
SAEVUSSAVAGEsavage"sa(e)v'us from the savage monster!"

 

PRONOUNS

       Personal; Interrogative  

LATIN

ENGLISH

DERIVATIVE

VDB PROMPT

EGO

, I, ME

egotist

Quis? EGO!

NOSWE, USFr: nous(Fr. deriv.)
TUYOU (singular)Fr: tu(Fr. deriv.) 
VOSYOU (plural)Fr: vous(Fr. deriv.)
QUIS?WHO??"QUIS? Ego!"; can also associate with **quiz**

 

 

PREPOSITIONS

       with cases as shown  

LATIN

ENGLISH

DERIVATIVE

VDB PROMPT

AD (+ acc)TO, TOWARDSadvent'add ' it to something
CUM (+ abl)WITHcompany"cum with me!"
E, EX (+ abl)OUT OFexit(deriv.) 
IN (+ abl)INin, onsame word!
TRANS (+ acc)ACROSStransporta transatlantic liner sails across...

 

 

ADVERBS

       all indeclinable  

LATIN

ENGLISH

DERIVATIVE

VDB PROMPT

CUR?

WHY?

?

**curious**: always asking 'why?'

MOXSOON?the mocks (trial exams) are coming soon!
NONNOTnonsenseunlike French, it does NOT mean 'no'! 
NUMQUAMNEVER?it's nuncautnumquam
STATIMIMMEDIATELY?statimmediately
SUBITOSUDDENLY?in Subbuteo, goals get scored suddenly
TANDEMAT LAST?the old-fashioned 'at length' works if you think of tandem bicycles

 

 

CONJUNCTIONS

       all indeclinable  

LATIN

ENGLISH

DERIVATIVE

VDB PROMPT

ET

AND

et cetera

(e.g. Fr. deriv.)

        QUOD

 BECAUSE?'bequods'
SEDBUT?the verb 'sedeo' means 'sit', and you sit on your...
TAMENHOWEVER?it's rather like 'tandem';  however it's shorter, so it doesn't go on 'at length'
UBIWHEN?Ubi-When Kenobi
-NEindicates an OPEN QUESTION?not really a conjunction, of course...but this seemed the best place to put it! It's often confused with -que, but once they're sorted out use the meaning to remember it: 'how do you remember -ne?????'

 

 

VERBS

       1st Conjugation: -O -ARE -AVI -ATUM  

LATIN

ENGLISH

DERIVATIVE

VDB PROMPT

AMBULO

 WALK

amble, ambulance

original function of an 'ambulance': walking around the battlefield

AMO

 LOVE, LIKEamateuran amateur does something just for the love of it
CANTOSINGchant(deriv.)
DO dare dedi datumGIVEdonate, dativedata: info that's been given; give me a do-nut
FESTINOHURRY?hurry **fast** to the **festival**; festina lente
HABITOLIVE INinhabit, habitat(deriv.)
INTROENTER, COME/GO INintroduction(deriv.)
LABOROWORK HARDlaboratorythe twelve labours of Heracles
NAVIGOSAILnavigate(deriv.)
NECOKILLinternecinesqueeze round the **neck**
PORTOCARRYportable, porter, transport(deriv.)
PUGNOFIGHTpugnacious, repugnantderiv.'s; **punch** also works
SPECTOLOOK ATspectator(deriv.)
VERBS2nd Conjugation: -EO -ERE- UI -ITUM
MONEOADVISE, WARNmonitor, moneythe sacred geese of Juno Moneta warned the Romans
MOVEO movere movi motumMOVEmovement, motion(deriv.)
    RESPONDEO      -dere -di -sum REPLYresponse, responsible(deriv.)
TERREOFRIGHTENterrorist(deriv.)
TIMEOAM AFRAID, FEARtimid(deriv.)
       VIDEO  -dere      -di -sumSEEvision, visor, invisible(deriv.)
VERBS3rd Conjugation: various principal parts
BIBO -ere bibi bibitumDRINKimbibe, bibulousneed a 'bib' in case you spill your drink
      CONSUMO        -ere -psi -ptumEATconsume(deriv.)
CURRO -ere cucurri cursumRUNcurrent, cursor, coursevarious associations with '**curry**' ...!
LUDO -ere lusi lusumPLAYelude, elusive**illusion**: your eyes play tricks on you; the  classic boardgame; playing games: you win some, you 'lusum'!
MITTO -ere misi missumSENDtransmit, missionask Granny to send you some mittens
REGO -ere rexi rectumRULEregent, directorderiv.'s; also 'rex'
SCRIBO -ere scripsi scriptumWRITEscribe, script, description 'scribble' usually works best!
VERBSMixed Conjugation: various principal parts
CAPIO -ere cepi captumCAPTURE, TAKEcaptive, capture(deriv.)
  CUPIO  -ere  -ivi    -itumDESIRE, WANTcupiditythe God 'Cupid'; or 'I want a cup of tea'
FACIO -ere feci factumDO, MAKEfact, factorya factory is a place where things get made and jobs get done
VERBS4th Conjugation: -IO -IRE -IVI -ITUM
AUDIOHEAR, LISTEN TOaudience(deriv.)
DORMIOSLEEPdormitoryderiv.; also **dormouse**
VENIO -ire veni ventumCOMEventure, wentderiv.'s;  also Julius Caesar: veni, vidi, vici
VERBSIrregular Conjugation
SUM esse fuiBEfuture, essencethis one is usually known!