The remaining words for CE Level 2: commonly known as...

  • The LEVEL TWO TEASERS!


OK - into the final stretch for Level 2. There are some tough ones in this group, but don't give up now - you're almost there!

Once again, I haven't included any numbers in the vocab tables; but you are now expected to know the Cardinal numbers 11-20.

QUICK JUMP LINKS 
 

 NOUNS 1st decl: click #nouns1stdecl

NOUNS 3rd decl: click #nouns3rddecl

ADJECTIVES: click #adjectives

PRONOUNS: click #pronouns

PREPOSITIONS: click #prepositions

ADVERBS: click #adverbs 

CONJUNCTIONS: click #conjunctions

VERBS 1st conj: click #verbs1stconj

VERBS 3rd conj: click #verbs3rdconj

VERBS mixed conj: click #verbsmixedconj

VERBS 4th conj: click #verbs4thconj

VERBS irregular: click #verbsirreg

 

 

 

NOUNS

1st Declension: -A, -AE (mostly fem)

LATIN

ENGLISH

DERIVATIVE

VDB PROMPT

COPIAE (pl)FORCES, TROOPScopious

    we can **cope** with more troops; send in the 'cops' 

MORADELAYmoratoriumthe Mines of Mor(i)a caused delay for the Fellowship of the Ring; also helps to learn this one with the preposition 'sine' as a phrase: 'sine mora': without delay

 

 

 

 

 

NOUNS

3rd Declension: various stems and genders

LATIN

ENGLISH

DERIVATIVE

VDB PROMPT

COMES, comitis (c)COMPANION?

your companion 'comes' with you; also sounds like **committee**

CONIUNX, coniugis (c)WIFE, HUSBANDconjunction, conjugation,deriv.'s give idea of 'joined together'; in plural tends to mean 'a married couple'
FLUMEN, fluminis(n)RIVERflumeriding the rivers of water in waterpark flumes
ITER, itineris (n)JOURNEYitinerarymake the journey to 'Iter'-ly
LUX, lucis (f)LIGHTelucidatevisualise a 'luxury' hotel full of lights; a **hallucination** is a trick of the light
MORS, MORTIS (f)DEATH(im)mortal(deriv.'s)
MULIER, mulieris (f) WOMANvery similar in Spanishremember those adverts for Muller yoghurt, with the woman licking the spoon...?
NEMO (acc: neminem)NOBODY?nobody could find Nemo! Also, nobody ought to like (n)Eminem...
NIHIL (indeclinable)NOTHINGannihilatederiv.; also football scores: Spurs 3, Chelsea 0 
PARS, partis (f)PARTpartumm... (why isn't this one in the Nifty Fifty!!?) 
SOROR, sororis (f)SISTERsororitydoes your sister cause you 'sorowr'?
UXOR, uxoris(f)WIFEuxoriousthe old song 'amo, amas, I love a lass' has a line: 'If I've luck, sir, she's my ux-or'
VIRTUS, virtutis (f)COURAGEvirtue, virtuousconnect with 'vir': the best quality of a Roman man was his courage
VOX, vocis (f)VOICEvocal, voicederiv.'s; see also  prompts for 'voco'
VULNUS, vulneris (n)WOUND(in)vulnerable(deriv.'s)

 

 

 

 

 

ADJECTIVES

        1st/2nd Declension: -US -A -UM                 

LATIN

ENGLISH

DERIVATIVE

VDB PROMPT

CARUS

,DEAR

caring, careful

deriv.'s; also some people's car is their dearest possession...

CETERITHE REST (OF)et ceteraetc, etc, etc...; in the Blue Square Premiership, there's Kettering Town, and then there's the rest...
MEDIUSTHE MIDDLE OFmedium, medievalderiv.'s
PAUCI(A) FEWpaucityyou can only fit a few items in a pouch
ADJECTIVES 3rd Declension
  AUDAX (stem: audac-)BOLD, DARINGaudacious"au dar 'e" do that!
CRUDELIS -is -eCRUELcruel'Cruella de Ville'
FACILIS -is -eEASYfacility, Fr. facileopposite of dif-ficilis
INGENS    (stem: ingent-)HUGE?looks similar to **gigantic**; or, visualise a huge 'engine'
OMNIS -is -eALL, EVERYomnivore, omnibusa 'bus (omnibus) is public transport: there for everyone
SAPIENS (stem: sapient-)WISEsapientour species: homo sapiens
TRISTIS -is -eSADFr. tristeTristan & Isolde is a very sad story

 

 

 

 

 

PRONOUNS

       Demonstrative; reflexive  

LATIN

ENGLISH

DERIVATIVE

VDB PROMPT

HIC haec hoc

, THIS, THESE; HE, SHE, IT, THEY

?

to distinguish the types of meaning: 'if it agrees, it's this or these; if it doesn't agree, it's he or she!'

ILLE illa illudTHAT, THOSE; HE, SHE, IT, THEYFr: il, ellesimilar rules apply to distinguish the meanings as for hic above
IS ea idHE, SHE, IT, THEY; THAT, THOSE?may help to use **it**; once again use the rules above to distinguish the meanings 
SE (dat. sibi)HIMSELF, THEMSELVES (etc.)suicidethe 'reflexive' pronoun: suicide: he killed himself. 'se' has no nom. case - this role is performed by 'ipse'

 

 

 

 

 

PREPOSITIONS

       with cases as shown  

LATIN

ENGLISH

DERIVATIVE

VDB PROMPT

INTER (+ acc)AMONGST, BETWEENinternational, intercity(deriv.)
PRO (+ abl)FOR, ON BEHALF OF; in compounds it means 'forward'proceed, projectorto weigh up the 'pros' and 'cons'; a professional does the job for money
PROPTER (+ acc)BECAUSE OF?the play was good because of the prompter; the Rugby team won because of the props (careful not to confuse with 'prope'!)
SINE (+ abl)WITHOUTsinecurethere is no-one really without sin; also helps to learn it alongside 'mora': without delay
SUPER (+ acc)OVERsuperior, supernaturalderiv.'s; also six good balls in a row is a 'super over'!

 

 

 

 

 

ADVERBS

 all indeclinable  

LATIN

ENGLISH

DERIVATIVE

VDB PROMPT

CRAS

TOMORROW

procrastinate

deriv.; also "it's crass to put things off til tomorrow"

FORTEBY CHANCEfortunatelyfortunately it happened by a lucky chance
FRUSTRAIN VAINfrustration(deriv.)
HERIYESTERDAYFr. hiertoday I've had a shave, but yesterday I was....
POSTEAAFTERWARDS, LATER ONas for 'post'to distinguish 'post-e-a' from post & postquam, count the syllables as well as those of its meanings
QUAMTHAN?(this is the meaning you'll need for CE Lev 2 - it does have others e.g. 'how' ); rhyme it: 'quam-than'
QUOQUEALSO, TOO?use the '-que' as a prompt: 'etiam' means also andquoque does too
TUMTHEN?I ate too much and then I got a pain in my 'tum'

 

 

 

 

 

CONJUNCTIONS

       all indeclinable  

LATIN

ENGLISH

DERIVATIVE

VDB PROMPT

AUTEMHOWEVER?'autem' is (nearly) an anagram of 'tamen', so they mean the same thing however you rearrange the letters
ET....ET....

BOTH....AND....

?

if you get two 'et's in a sentence, they don't both mean and

 NAM

FOR?one pupil would remember this because when his family went to an Indian restaurant they always ordered 'for nam' breads (4 naan...)!
QUAMQUAMALTHOUGH?another old pupil favourite: although ducks usually go ' quack quack', Latin ducks go 'Quam Quam'...
-QUEAND?usually remembered by examples: 'fish chipsque'; cheese onionque'...

 

 

 

 

 

VERBS

       1st Conjugation: -O -ARE -AVI -ATUM  

LATIN

ENGLISH

DERIVATIVE

VDB PROMPT

APPROPINQUO

APPROACH

approach

deriv., or use the meaning of ad-prop(e)- in the middle of the verb: 'go towards'

ERRO

WANDER, BE WRONGerror, errand, errant, erraticderiv.'s; or think of Ron Weasley's owl Errol which can't fly straight: wanders around all over the place
NUNTIOANNOUNCEpronunciationconnect with 'nuntius': a messenger's job to announce the news
OCCUPOSEIZEoccupy, occupationthe word is spelled with two 'c's, and that's what it means ('to seize')!
SERVOSAVEpreserve, conservative, reservationderiv.'s; the Conservatives have saved us from Gordon Brown...: beware confusing with 'servus'
VULNEROWOUND(in)vulnerablederiv.'s; also connect with 'vulnus'
VERBS3rd Conjugation: various principal parts
COLLIGO -ere collegi collectumCOLLECT, GATHERcollectderiv.'s (compound of 'lego')
GERO -ere gessi gestumCARRY ON, WEAR, WAGE (WAR)belligerent, gesture, gerundiveparticularly found with 'bellum' in the 'wage war' meaning; otherwise connect wear with 'carrying something on' the body; the Spice Girls carried on without Geri Halliwell...
OCCIDO -ere occidi occisumKILLall the '-cide' wordsderiv.'s; beware of confusing with 'occupo'!
RUO -ere rui rutumRUSH?**rush** itself will usually work well enough
TRADO -ere tradidi traditumHAND OVERtrade, traditionderiv.'s; compound of 'do', hence principal parts
VERBSMixed Conjugation: various principal parts
ACCIPIO -ere accepi acceptumRECEIVEacceptderiv.; compound of 'capio'
CONSPICIO -ere conspexi conspectumCATCH SIGHT OF, SEEconspicuoushe needs his 'spex' to see properly
EFFUGIO -ere effugi effugitumESCAPEas from 'fugio'it's 'e' + 'fugio': to 'flee out of' the danger
VERBS4th Conjugation: -IO -IRE -IVI -ITUM
ADVENIO -ire adveni adventumARRIVEadvent, adventure'ad' + 'venio': come to a place
INVENIO -ire inveni inventumFINDinventionbeware: unlike 'advenio', it does not mean 'come in'! Rather, the sense is 'come (up)on', i.e. find or discover. The deriv. should help the most. 
VERBSirregular conjugation
EO ire ii or ivi itumGOfrom compounds, e.g. exitsince this is mostly found in its compounds, with more obvious derivatives, the basic meaning of the verb itself quickly becomes well-known
EXEO exire exii exitumGO OUTexit(deriv.)
INEO inire inii initumGO IN, ENTERinitialin + eo!
PEREO perire perii peritumDIE, PERISHperishbeware: this is the only one that doesn't mean what it 'ought' to mean... unless you say 'go through' to the end of your life; 'go through' the gates of the Underworld
REDEO redire redii or redivi reditumGO BACK, RETURN?N.B. this meaning of the prefix 're-': in compound verbs it is really common, meaning 'back'; e.g. revenio - come back etc.
TRANSEO transire transi(v)i transitumGO ACROSS, CROSStransitiongo across the country in your Ford Transit
NOLI (pl: NOLITE)DON'T...?the negative imperative: always followed by an infinitive
POSSUM posse potuiCAN, AM ABLE(im)possible, potential(deriv.'s)