The NIFTY FIFTY!       

  • 50 of the easier words in Level 2 - to get you started!


On to Level 2! Once again, the first batch contains those words which are either very common, or easily guessable. Most of them don't really need VDB prompts - but we'll do our best!

QUICK JUMP LINKS 
 

NOUNS 2nd neut: click #nouns2ndneut

NOUNS 3rd decl: click #nouns3rddecl

ADJECTIVES: click #adjectives

PREPOSITIONS: click #prepositions

ADVERBS: click #adverbs

CONJUNCTIONS: click #conjunctions

VERBS 1st conj: click #verbs1stconj

VERBS 3rd conj: click #verbs3rdconj

VERBS mixed conj: click #verbsmixedconj

VERBS 4th conj: click #verbs4thconj

 

 

 

NOUNS

2nd Declension neuter: -UM, -I

LATIN

ENGLISH

DERIVATIVE

VDB PROMPT

ARMAWEAPONSarms, armour

the army needs arma

DONUMGIFT, PRESENTdonationderiv.'s; or use 'do'... or donuts again!

 

 

 

 

 

NOUNS

3rd Declension: various stems and genders

LATIN

ENGLISH

DERIVATIVE

VDB PROMPT

CIVIS, civis (m)CITIZENcivilization

civil war is war between the citizens of the same homeland

CLAMOR, clamoris (m)SHOUT, NOISEclamour, exclaimderiv.'s; connect also of course with 'clamo'
CORPUS, corporis (n)BODYcorpse, corporalcorporal punishment is being beaten about the body
DUX, ducis (c)LEADERduke, conductorconnect with 'duco'; 'duke' usually works - or think of those ducks again!
FRATER, fratris (m)BROTHERfraternal, fraternitysign a letter to your brother 'Yours fraternally'; connect with the other 'family' words below; Fr. 'frère'
HOMO, hominis (c)MAN, HUMANhuman, hominidas in 'Homo Sapiens'; deriv.'s
HOSTES, hostium (m pl) ENEMYhostilea whole host of the enemy launched an attack; some find **hostage** helpful
IUVENIS, iuvenis (m)YOUNG MANjuvenileas in 'juvenile delinquent'!
MARE, maris (n)SEAmaritime, submarinederiv.'s; also Fr. 'mer'
MATER, matris (f)MOTHERmaternalderiv.'s; connect with other
MILES, militis (m)SOLDIERmilitary(deriv.)
MONS, montis (m)MOUNTAINmounte.g. Mont St Michel, Mont Blanc
NAVIS, navis, (f)SHIPnavyderiv.; also connect with 'navigo'
NOMEN, nominis (n)NAMEnominatethe Nominative case gives the name of the word
PARENS, parentis (c)PARENTparental(deriv.)
PATER, patris (m)FATHERpaternalconnect with the other 'family' words 'frater' & 'mater'
REX, regis (m)KINGregal, regentT. Rex - king of the Dinosaurs (also connect with 'rego')
SENEX, senis (m)OLD MANsenior, senilereductions for Senior Citizens...
URBS, urbis (f)CITYurban, suburbs(deriv.'s)

 

 

 

 

 

ADJECTIVES

        1st/2nd Declension: -US -A -UM                 

LATIN

ENGLISH

DERIVATIVE

VDB PROMPT

GRAECUS

, GREEK

Graeco-...

can also be used as a noun: a Greek person; Graeci (pl): the Greeks

LONGUSLONGlonger....
MORTUUSDEADmortuaryconnects also with mortal/immortal
SOLUSALONEsolitary, solealso 'solo'
VIVUSALIVEvividViva Las Vegas!
ADJECTIVES 3rd Declension
  DIFFICILIS -is -eDIFFICULTdifficultumm...that's a hard one!
FELIX (stem: felic-)LUCKYfelicitationscan associate with 'Felix the Cat' (really confused with Latin 'feles')
FORTIS -is -eBRAVEfortitude, fortifyderiv.'s; also connect with 'fortiter'
NOBILIS -is -eNOBLEnobilityderiv.'s;  and just what it looks like!

 

 

 

 

 

PREPOSITIONS

       with cases as shown  

LATIN

ENGLISH

DERIVATIVE

VDB PROMPT

ANTE (+ acc)BEFOREante-room, antiquederiv.'s; also use 'ante meridiem' (a.m.)
CIRCUM (+ acc)AROUNDcircumference, circularderiv.'s; also connect with the Circus Maximus
POST (+ acc)AFTER, BEHINDpostponeas with 'ante' use 'p.m.'; the post comes after breakfast
SUB (+ abl)UNDERsubmarine, subway(deriv.'s)

 

 

 

 

 

ADVERBS

 all indeclinable  

LATIN

ENGLISH

DERIVATIVE

VDB PROMPT

CELERITER

QUICKLY

accelerate

deriv.'s; **celery** grows quickly

HODIETODAY?howdy pardner! How are you today? (contraction of 'hoc die' - on this day)
NONNE?SURELY??non + -ne: is it not the case that...
NUM?SURELY...NOT??surely you're not numb?
NUNCNOW?it's 'nunc aut numquam'!

 

 

 

 

 

CONJUNCTIONS

       all indeclinable  

LATIN

ENGLISH

DERIVATIVE

VDB PROMPT

ANTEQUAM

BEFORE

as 'ante'

same prompts help as with the preposition 'ante', especially 'a.m.'

 POSTQUAM

AFTER, WHENas 'post'once again, use the prompts for the preposition 'post': 'p.m.'

 

 

 

 

 

VERBS

       1st Conjugation: -O -ARE -AVI -ATUM  

LATIN

ENGLISH

DERIVATIVE

VDB PROMPT

EXSPECTO

WAIT (FOR)

expect

beware of deriv.: original meaning to 'watch out for' explains modern English

LIBERO

SET FREEliberate, libertyderiv.'s; nothing to do with books!
NARROTELL (a story)narrator, narrative(deriv.'s)
SALUTOGREETsalute, salutationespecially Fr. 'salut'
VERBS3rd Conjugation: various principal parts
DEFENDO -ere defendi defensumDEFENDdefenceumm...
REDUCO -ere reduxi reductumLEAD BACK, TAKE BACKreduce, reductioneasiest to think of 're-' + 'duco'; 'take back' explains English deriv.'s
VINCO -ere vici victumCONQUERvictory, invincible, winderiv.'s; and Julius Caesar: 'veni vidi vici'
VERBSMixed Conjugation: various principal parts
FUGIO -ere fugi fugitumFLEE, RUN AWAYfugitive, refugee(deriv.'s)
VERBS4th Conjugation: -IO -IRE -IVI -ITUM
PUNIOPUNISHpunitive, impunitythe **puny** get punished....