Congratulations! You've made it to Level 3 of the CE paper! SO ... take a deep breath and get ready for....

  • The DIVINE FORTY-NINE!

 In fact, there aren't that many extra words to learn for Level 3 - and some of them are so easy you're bound to know them already....!

There are once again a few more numbers required for this level: you need to know the multiples of ten (30-90) plus 100 and 1000.

 

Quick Jump Links

NOUNS 1st decl: click #nouns1stdecl

NOUNS 2nd decl masc: click #nouns2ndmasc

NOUNS 2nd neuter: click #nouns2ndneut

NOUNS 3rd decl: click #nouns3rddecl

NOUNS 5th decl: click #nouns5thdecl

ADJECTIVES: click #adjectives

PRONOUNS: click #pronouns

ADVERBS: click #adverbs

CONJUNCTIONS: click #conjunctions

VERBS 1st conj: click #verbs1stconj

VERBS 2nd conj: click #verbs2ndconj

VERBS 3rd conj: click #verbs3rdconj

VERBS mixed conj: click #verbsmixedconj

VERBS 4th conj: click #verbs4thconj

VERBS irregular: click #verbsirreg

 

 

 

 

NOUNS

1st Declension -A, -AE (mostly feminine)

LATIN

ENGLISH

DERIVATIVE

VDB PROMPT

HORA HOUR hour

(deriv.)

NOUNS

2nd Declension -US, -I (all masculine)

ANNUS YEAR annual, anniversary .....told you there were some easy ones! The reason this only comes in now is because Time Expressions are not used until Level 3.
SOMNUS SLEEP insomnia, somnambulist (deriv.'s)
NOUNS

2nd Declension neuter -UM, -I

PRAEMIUM REWARD premium a winning Premium Bond will bring you a reward
TELUM SPEAR, WEAPON ? quick! tel'um there's a spear heading straight for them!
NOUNS 3rd Declension, various stems and genders
ANIMAL, animalis (n) ANIMAL animal umm......
CUSTOS, custodis (m)  GUARD custody, custodian deriv.'s; also some find **customs** officers a help; or, 'guard your custard...'!
GENS, gentis (f) RACE, PEOPLE, TRIBE genocide, Gentiles the Gentiles were all the other races that weren't Jewish
LABOR, laboris (m) HARD WORK, TROUBLE labour deriv.'s; especially the Labours of Heracles 
NOX, noctis (f) NIGHT nocturnal deriv.'s; another likely 'Time Expression' noun
OPUS, operis (n) JOB of WORK, TASK operate, operation deriv.'s; also Opus Dei
PRINCEPS, principis (c) CHIEF, LEADER prince, principal deriv.'s; N.B. 'princeps' is also the normal Latin word for 'Emperor'
TEMPESTAS, tempestatis (f) STORM, WEATHER tempest deriv.'s; when used for 'weather' it usually means 'bad weather'!
NOUNS

5th Declension -ES, -EI (mostly feminine)

DIES (m) DAY diary 'die another day'; again a very likely 'Time Expression' word
FIDES FAITH, PROMISE fidelity, confidence Fido, your faithful friend; 'hi-fi' gives highly faithful sound reproduction; fid. def. on coins; the carol 'adeste fideles' (o come all ye faithful)
RES THING, BUSINESS, MATTER, AFFAIR.... real, really it has so many meanings it is an easy matter/thing/business to learn it
SPES HOPE desperate, despair if you're de-sperate all your hope has gone down from you

 

 

 

ADJECTIVES

        1st/2nd Declension: -US -A -UM                 

LATIN

ENGLISH

DERIVATIVE

VDB PROMPT

ALIUS

,(AN)OTHER

alien

also connected to 'alias'; learn too ALII...ALII...: some...others...

SUPERBUS PROUD, ARROGANT superb Tarquinius Superbus: Tarquin the Proud (word is always used in a bad sense); he was proud of his super bus
TOTUS WHOLE total (deriv.)
ADJECTIVES  3rd Declension
  CELER celeris celere QUICK accelerate deriv.'s; see prompts for 'celeriter', espec. **celery** grows quickly

 

 

 

PRONOUNS

       various  

LATIN

ENGLISH

DERIVATIVE

VDB PROMPT

IDEM eadem idem

, THE SAME

identical

the 'definitive' pronoun (!) It's the same as is ea id with '-dem' on the end

IPSE ipsa ipsum -SELF ? the 'intensive' pronoun...'ipsy daisy! He's hurt himself!'
QUI quae quod WHO, WHICH Fr. qui the 'relative' pronoun (a very important one!). Fr. deriv. should help most 

 

 

 

ADVERBS

 all indeclinable  

LATIN

ENGLISH

DERIVATIVE

VDB PROMPT

INTEREA

MEANWHILE

?

literally: 'amongst those things' (inter ea); some people remember it visually by the -ea- similarity; otherwise, it is a mean one - and while you're thinking it's mean, that's what it means - mean-while!

LENTE SLOWLY Fr. lentement if you've given up something nice for Lent, it really goes slowly!
PAENE ALMOST, NEARLY peninsula, penultimate deriv.'s; then there's the old pupil who liked making pesto sauce: 'got the basil, the oil, the cheese - oops, almost forgot the pine-nuts...!'

 

 

 

CONJUNCTIONS

       all indeclinable  

LATIN

ENGLISH

DERIVATIVE

VDB PROMPT

AUT OR ? 'nunc aut numquam' (yet again!) Also learn aut...aut...: either...or...: 'either you get 'aut' or I'll kick you 'aut'!
DUM WHILE ? if you're a bit 'dum', it takes you a while to remember things...
NEC, NEQUE

AND...NOT...

?

use the -que on the 'ne': and something negative

NEC...NEC... or NEQUE...NEQUE...

NEITHER...NOR ? worth an entry on its own! If two runners are 'neck and neck', neither one is winning, and nor is the other
UT/NE (IN ORDER) TO, (IN ORDER) NOT TO ? needs a whole topic on its own to explain the difference between Purpose Clauses and Indirect Commands. See future pages of this website! P.S. if you're wondering why there are only apparently 48 boxes in the Divine 49, it's because UT and NE are, of course, two different words!

 

 

 

VERBS

       1st Conjugation: -O -ARE -AVI -ATUM  

LATIN

ENGLISH

DERIVATIVE

VDB PROMPT

IMPERO

ORDER, COMMAND

imperative

deriv.'s. This verb puts its object in the Dative case

IUVO -are iuvi iutum

HELP ADJUTANT can be made to associate with the two top Gods men & women would call upon for help: Jove (Iuppiter, Iovis) and Juno (Iuno).
VERBS 2nd Conjugation: principal parts as shown
PERSUADEO -ere persuasi persuasum PERSUADE persuasive another verb putting its object in the Dative.
VERBS 3rd Conjugation: various principal parts
COGO -ere coegi coactum FORCE cogent the ideas of to **coax** or **coach** (he forces you to train!) may be useful
CONTENDO -ere contendi contentum HURRY, MARCH contender contenders in a race are hurrying to win the prize; 'march' sense used with soldiers/armies
CREDO -ere credidi creditum BELIEVE, TRUST (in)credible, credit, creed The Creed: 'I Believe in one God...'; another verb with its object in the Dative
PELLO -ere pepuli pulsum PUSH, DRIVE repel, propeller, repulsive deriv.'s; easiest one is probably 'your pulse pushes the blood around your body'
PETO petere petivi petitum LOOK FOR, ATTACK (com)petition to remember all the Principal Parts as well as the meaning: I look for my small (petit-um) pet Peter(e) behind the  -Tivi
RELINQUO -ere reliqui relictum LEAVE BEHIND relic, relinquish, derelict (deriv.'s)
VERBS Mixed Conjugation: various principal parts
INTERFICIO -ere interfeci interfectum KILL, PUT TO DEATH ? compound of 'facio', with 'inter' as a prefix: 'facio' can mean 'I do': so it's 'I do in...(ter)!' 
VERBS 4th Conjugation: -IO -IRE -IVI -ITUM
CONVENIO -ire conveni conventum MEET, COME TOGETHER convent, convention, convenient how convenient! It's all come together nicely
CUSTODIO GUARD custody, custodian deriv.'s; also see prompts for 'custos
VERBS irregular conjugation
ADEO adire adii aditum GO TO, APPROACH see other compounds of 'eo' this repeats the ideas of the previous compounds of 'eo': this time it's 'eo' + 'ad'.
FERO ferre tuli latum BRING, CARRY, BEAR transfer, ferry, translate deriv.'s: some would say that fero's principal parts are so weird, they are 'truly Latin'!
NOLO nolle nolui DON'T WANT, REFUSE see 'volo' below the negative version of 'volo'! You've already met its imperatives: noli(te) - meaning 'don't'; really they mean 'don't want to do that!' 
VOLO velle volui WISH, WANT, BE WILLING voluntary, volunteer deriv.'s should give you the meaning. Beware: this verb probably has the strangest Present Tense of all (after 'sum')!