The NIFTY FIFTY!       

              50 of the easier words in Level 2 - to get you started!  

   On to Level 2! Once again, the first batch contains those words which are either very common, or easily guessable. Most of them don't really need VDB prompts - but we'll do our best!

 

                    

Quick Jump Links

NOUNS 2nd neut: click #nouns2ndneut

NOUNS 3rd decl: click #nouns3rddecl

ADJECTIVES: click #adjectives

PREPOSITIONS: click #prepositions

ADVERBS: click #adverbs

CONJUNCTIONS: click #conjunctions

VERBS 1st conj: click #verbs1stconj

VERBS 3rd conj: click #verbs3rdconj

VERBS mixed conj: click #verbsmixedconj

VERBS 4th conj: click #verbs4thconj

 

 

 

 

 

NOUNS

2nd Declension neuter: -UM, -I

LATIN

ENGLISH

DERIVATIVE

VDB PROMPT

ARMA WEAPONS arms, armour

the army needs arma

DONUM GIFT, PRESENT donation deriv.'s; or use 'do'... or donuts again!

 

 

 

 

NOUNS

3rd Declension: various stems and genders

LATIN

ENGLISH

DERIVATIVE

VDB PROMPT

CIVIS, civis (m) CITIZEN civilization

civil war is war between the citizens of the same homeland

CLAMOR, clamoris (m) SHOUT, NOISE clamour, exclaim deriv.'s; connect also of course with 'clamo'
CORPUS, corporis (n) BODY corpse, corporal corporal punishment is being beaten about the body
DUX, ducis (c) LEADER duke, conductor connect with 'duco'; 'duke' usually works - or think of those ducks again!
FRATER, fratris (m) BROTHER fraternal, fraternity sign a letter to your brother 'Yours fraternally'; connect with the other 'family' words below; Fr. 'frère'
HOMO, hominis (c) MAN, HUMAN human, hominid as in 'Homo Sapiens'; deriv.'s
HOSTES, hostium (m pl)  ENEMY hostile a whole host of the enemy launched an attack; some find **hostage** helpful
IUVENIS, iuvenis (m) YOUNG MAN juvenile as in 'juvenile delinquent'!
MARE, maris (n) SEA maritime, submarine deriv.'s; also Fr. 'mer'
MATER, matris (f) MOTHER maternal deriv.'s; connect with other
MILES, militis (m) SOLDIER military (deriv.)
MONS, montis (m) MOUNTAIN mount e.g. Mont St Michel, Mont Blanc
NAVIS, navis, (f) SHIP navy deriv.; also connect with 'navigo'
NOMEN, nominis (n) NAME nominate the Nominative case gives the name of the word
PARENS, parentis (c) PARENT parental (deriv.)
PATER, patris (m) FATHER paternal connect with the other 'family' words 'frater' & 'mater'
REX, regis (m) KING regal, regent T. Rex - king of the Dinosaurs (also connect with 'rego')
SENEX, senis (m) OLD MAN senior, senile reductions for Senior Citizens...
URBS, urbis (f) CITY urban, suburbs (deriv.'s)

 

 

 

ADJECTIVES

        1st/2nd Declension: -US -A -UM                 

LATIN

ENGLISH

DERIVATIVE

VDB PROMPT

GRAECUS

, GREEK

Graeco-...

can also be used as a noun: a Greek person; Graeci (pl): the Greeks

LONGUS LONG long er....
MORTUUS DEAD mortuary connects also with mortal/immortal
SOLUS ALONE solitary, sole also 'solo'
VIVUS ALIVE vivid Viva Las Vegas!
ADJECTIVES  3rd Declension
  DIFFICILIS -is -e DIFFICULT difficult umm...that's a hard one!
FELIX (stem: felic-) LUCKY felicitations can associate with 'Felix the Cat' (really confused with Latin 'feles')
FORTIS -is -e BRAVE fortitude, fortify deriv.'s; also connect with 'fortiter'
NOBILIS -is -e NOBLE nobility deriv.'s;  and just what it looks like!

 

 

 

PREPOSITIONS

       with cases as shown  

LATIN

ENGLISH

DERIVATIVE

VDB PROMPT

ANTE (+ acc) BEFORE ante-room, antique deriv.'s; also use 'ante meridiem' (a.m.)
CIRCUM (+ acc) AROUND circumference, circular deriv.'s; also connect with the Circus Maximus
POST (+ acc) AFTER, BEHIND postpone as with 'ante' use 'p.m.'; the post comes after breakfast
SUB (+ abl) UNDER submarine, subway (deriv.'s)

 

 

 

ADVERBS

 all indeclinable  

LATIN

ENGLISH

DERIVATIVE

VDB PROMPT

CELERITER

QUICKLY

accelerate

deriv.'s; **celery** grows quickly

HODIE TODAY ? howdy pardner! How are you today? (contraction of 'hoc die' - on this day)
NONNE? SURELY? ? non + -ne: is it not the case that...
NUM? SURELY...NOT? ? surely you're not numb?
NUNC NOW ? it's 'nunc aut numquam'!

 

 

 

CONJUNCTIONS

       all indeclinable  

LATIN

ENGLISH

DERIVATIVE

VDB PROMPT

ANTEQUAM

BEFORE

as 'ante'

same prompts help as with the preposition 'ante', especially 'a.m.'

 POSTQUAM

AFTER, WHEN as 'post' once again, use the prompts for the preposition 'post': 'p.m.'

 

 

 

VERBS

       1st Conjugation: -O -ARE -AVI -ATUM  

LATIN

ENGLISH

DERIVATIVE

VDB PROMPT

EXSPECTO

WAIT (FOR)

expect

beware of deriv.: original meaning to 'watch out for' explains modern English

LIBERO

SET FREE liberate, liberty deriv.'s; nothing to do with books!
NARRO TELL (a story) narrator, narrative (deriv.'s)
SALUTO GREET salute, salutation especially Fr. 'salut'
VERBS 3rd Conjugation: various principal parts
DEFENDO -ere defendi defensum DEFEND defence umm...
REDUCO -ere reduxi reductum LEAD BACK, TAKE BACK reduce, reduction easiest to think of 're-' + 'duco'; 'take back' explains English deriv.'s
VINCO -ere vici victum CONQUER victory, invincible, win deriv.'s; and Julius Caesar: 'veni vidi vici'
VERBS Mixed Conjugation: various principal parts
FUGIO -ere fugi fugitum FLEE, RUN AWAY fugitive, refugee (deriv.'s)
VERBS 4th Conjugation: -IO -IRE -IVI -ITUM
PUNIO PUNISH punitive, impunity the **puny** get punished....