Can you survive....The EVIL EIGHTY-FIVE?

  • The remaining (harder) words needed for CE Level 1.

These words complete the Level 1 syllabus. We hope you'll find that some of the prompts here help you to remember this trickier set! 

N.B. Also required within Level 1 are the Cardinal and Ordinal Numbers 1-10 and 1st - 10th. I follow the great Mr Kennedy in considering them more as points of grammar rather than vocabulary: they are therefore omitted from this group.

Quick Jump Links

NOUNS: 1st decl: click #nouns1stdecl

NOUNS: 2nd decl masc: click  #nouns2ndmasc

NOUNS: 2nd decl neut: click #nouns2ndneut

ADJECTIVES: click #adjectives

PREPOSITIONS: click #prepositions

ADVERBS: click #adverbs

CONJUNCTIONS: click #conjunctions

VERBS 1st conj: click #verbs1stconj

VERBS 2nd conj: click #verbs2ndconj

VERBS 3rd conj: click #verbs3rdconj

VERBS mixed conj: click #verbsmixedconj

VERBS irregular: click #verbsirreg

 

 

 

 

NOUNS

1st declension: -A, -AE (mostly fem)

LATIN

ENGLISH

DERIVATIVE

VDB PROMPT

CENA DINNER, MAIN MEAL ? (same in Italian)

often confused with 'canis': so don't make a 'canis cena' (dog's dinner) out of it!

FILIA DAUGHTER filial a **filly** is a young female horse (also Fr. fille)
HASTA SPEAR ? visualise eating a bowl of spaghetti with a couple of long spears: 'eat your pasta with a hasta'!
INCOLA INHABITANT colony to avoid mixing this up with 'insula', learn them together: 'he was an incola of the insula'
IRA ANGER irate the I.R.A. had lots of anger
PATRIA HOMELAND patriotic (deriv.)
PECUNIA MONEY impecunious often confused with 'periculum': take the same two letters (-cu-) out of the middle of both words. This one gives you 'peni-a' (penny)
TURBA CROWD disturb, turbulence visualise a crowd of people all wearing turbans
UNDA WAVE undulate 'unda' the sea..!
VIA ROAD, WAY viaduct travel to Oxford via London
 

 

 

 

 

NOUNS

2nd Declension: -US, -I (all masc)

LATIN

ENGLISH

DERIVATIVE

VDB PROMPT

FILIUS SON filial

Fr. deriv. 'fils'

LOCUS PLACE location visualise a load of 'locusts' swarming all over the place
MURUS WALL mural deriv.; also Fr. 'mur'
NUNTIUS MESSENGER enunciate, announce the Nuns bring the message from God
SOCIUS COMRADE, ALLY (anti-)social, associate you have fun with your comrades at a 'social' event; in a pair,you find one sock with its comrade
VENTUS WIND ventilator, vent (deriv.)
NOUNS

2nd Declension: -ER, -I (all masc)

AGER FIELD agriculture deriv.; also connect with 'agricola'
VIR  MAN, HUSBAND   virile A Vir Drinks Beer (hooray!!) (thanks, James W!)  

 

 

NOUNS

2nd Declension neuter: -UM, -I

LATIN

ENGLISH

DERIVATIVE

VDB PROMPT

AMPHI-THEATRUM AMPHI-THEATRE amphitheatre

same word.

AURUM GOLD chemical symbol Au most metals are extracted from their 'aur' (ore)
AUXILIUM HELP auxiliaries the auxiliaries helped the main Legion
CAELUM SKY celestial rhyme it: 'caelum, the skylum'!)
PERICULUM DANGER peril see 'pecunia' - this time when you take -cu- out, you get 'perilum'
PROELIUM BATTLE ? rhyme it: 'the proelium at Troylium'
SCUTUM SHIELD scutage visualise sitting on your motor-'scuta' with its windshield in front of you
 

 

 

 

ADJECTIVES

             1st/2nd Declension: -US -A -UM,               or -ER -A -UM  

LATIN

ENGLISH

DERIVATIVE

VDB PROMPT

CLARUS

, FAMOUS, CLEAR

clarity

know anyone famous called 'Clare'?

MEUS MY me helps to connect all five possessive adjectives in this group & learn them together. Fr deriv.'s Mon Ma Mes
NOSTER OUR Fr. notre see 'meus' above; also connect with 'nos
NOTUS WELL-KNOWN notable, noted deriv.'s; also 'N.B.' - nota bene
NOVUS NEW novelty, novice (deriv.'s)
SACER SACRED, HOLY sacrifice stem & deriv.'s
SUUS HIS, HER, ITS, THEIR suicide see 'meus'; Fr. 'Son Sa Ses'
TUTUS SAFE tutor a Roman child's tutor (paedagogus) kept them safe in the streets
TUUS YOUR (singular) Fr. tu see 'meus': Fr. 'Ton Ta Tes'
VALIDUS STRONG valid, invalid deriv.'s; also **valiant**
VESTER YOUR (plural) Fr. votre see 'meus'; also connect with 'vos'

 

 

 

PREPOSITIONS

       with cases as shown  

LATIN

ENGLISH

DERIVATIVE

VDB PROMPT

A, AB (+ abl) BY, FROM abduct meanings of Ablative case (but not what 'cum' means!)
CONTRA (+ acc) AGAINST contradict, contrast (deriv.'s)
DE (+ abl) ABOUT, DOWN FROM descend there's a song in Bugsy Malone that almost goes 'Down, down ,down, about...'(!) 
IN (+ acc) INTO insert to tell the 2 'in's apart, use the length of the case-names: 'accusative' is longer than 'ablative': 'into' is longer than 'in'
PER (+ acc) THROUGH, ALONG persistent, perimeter you can see through perspex glass
PROPE (+ acc) NEAR propinquity in Rugby, the props stand near the hooker; you prop something up by resting something near it

 

 

 

ADVERBS

 all indeclinable  

LATIN

ENGLISH

DERIVATIVE

VDB PROMPT

BENE

WELL

benefit

deriv.'s; also 'N.B.'

DEINDE THEN ? it happened one day, and then the next, and then the next: in fact, it happened 'de-in, -de-out'!
DIU FOR A LONG TIME ? waiting for the bus; it's been 'diu' for a long time! 
ETIAM ALSO, EVEN ? this one even means also, and it also means even (repeat ad nauseam until you remember it!)
FORTITER BRAVELY fortitude the soldiers 'fort' bravely
HIC HERE ? one of our (rarish) blanks; at least it's a similarly short word beginning with the same letter. Suggestions please?
IAM ALREADY, NOW ? 'I AM' all ready now
IBI THERE ? connect with UBI (where); in your best country bumpkin accent: 'U be where?' 'I be there!'
ITERUM AGAIN reiterate this one comes up iterum et iterum et iterum et...etc etc
MAGNOPERE GREATLY, VERY MUCH as 'magnus' a bit more than 'magnus', just as 'greatly' is a bit more than 'great'
OLIM ONCE, ONE DAY ? one day I'll be in the olim-pics; or, one day I'll have a lim-o
QUID? WHAT? ? 'lend us a quid!' 'WHAT??'
SAEPE OFTEN ? often confused with 'semper': each have the same number of letters as their meaning: so, 'saepe' isn't as much as 'semper' (often isn't as much as always)
SEMPER ALWAYS sempiternal he's semper in a temper; also see SAEPE above
SIC LIKE THIS, THUS, SO ? he was sick...like this! (unsavoury demonstration)
UBI? WHERE? ubiquitous see 'IBI' above; also: 'Ubi Scubi Doo - where are you?'

 

 

 

CONJUNCTIONS

       all indeclinable  

LATIN

ENGLISH

DERIVATIVE

VDB PROMPT

IGITUR

THEREFORE, AND SO

?

several pupils over the years have been nicknamed 'Iggy'. Whenever this word came up, it was always directed at them: 'it's that word again especially for him: it's 'there for' Iggy!'; see also ITAQUE below

 ITAQUE

THEREFORE, AND SO ? igitur means 'therefore' and so does itaque; use the -que on the end as a prompt for 'and'; both Latin words have same number of letters , and start with an 'i', so easier to connect.....

 

 

 

VERBS

       1st Conjugation: -O -ARE -AVI -ATUM  

LATIN

ENGLISH

DERIVATIVE

VDB PROMPT

AEDIFICO

 BUILD

edifice

'I find it difficult to build...'; also **artificial** seems to work for some people

CLAMO

 SHOUT exclamation, clamour (deriv.'s)
LAUDO PRAISE  laudable **applaud**; also 'praise the Laud (Lord)!'
OPPUGNO ATTACK as 'pugno' it's a bit more than just 'pugno'; also the double consonant can help: 'opp--': 'att--'
PARO PREPARE prepare (deriv.)
ROGO ASK (FOR) interrogate if you don''t know it, ask Roger!
STO stare steti statum STAND station, static, statue deriv.'s; also 3rd pers plur of Pres Indic.: 'stant'
SUPERO OVERCOME superior, insuperable Superman overcomes all his enemies
VOCO CALL, INVITE vocal deriv.'s; also Vocative case: used when calling out a name
VERBS 2nd Conjugation: -EO -ERE- UI -ITUM
DELEO  delere delevi deletum DESTROY delete (deriv.)
HABEO HAVE have, habit habeo, I haveo
IUBEO -ere  iussi  iussum  ORDER jussive I order, and U (o)bey...
MANEO -ere mansi mansum STAY, REMAIN permanent, mansion (deriv.'s)
RIDEO -ere risi risum LAUGH, SMILE riddle, derision (deriv.'s)
TENEO -ere tenui tentum HOLD, KEEP contents, tenacious, tenant he was holding a 'tenner'; the tenors used to hold the tune; how many does the **tent** hold?
VERBS 3rd Conjugation: various principal parts
CONSTITUO  -ere -i -tum DECIDE constitution, constituency ...as in: the residents in the constituency voted to decide who would be their MP
DICO dicere dixi dictum SAY, TELL dictate, contradict (deriv.'s)
DISCEDO -ere discessi discessum GO AWAY, LEAVE from the -cedo stems: e.g. recede, procession old pupils may remember 'if you 'diss Cato' he'll tell you to go away; otherwise 'leaving the disc-o'; or deriv'.s
DUCO ducere duxi ductum LEAD conductor, introduce, duke visualise a line of ducks in a line on a pond, following the leader...! (or deriv.'s!!)
LEGO legere legi lectum READ, CHOOSE, GATHER legible, select, collect gather your 'LEGO' pieces, read the instructions, and choose what to make...
OSTENDO -ere -i ostentum SHOW ostentatious the well-known TV show 'Ostenders'; go up to the 'Ost End' of London to see a show; Osten Powers is a show-off...
PONO ponere posui positum PUT, PLACE postpone, position, positive  deriv.'s; put the 'pony' in the stable
VERBS Mixed Conjugation: various principal parts
IACIO iacere ieci iactum THROW projector, eject deriv.'s; or when you throw away something nasty you might say 'yuck'
VERBS Irregular Conjugation
ABSUM abesse afui BE AWAY absent deriv.; this also helps to distinguish it from 'adsum'
ADSUM adesse adfui BE PRESENT, BE THERE possible to use the above, but rather confusing! opposite of absum, as 'ad' and 'ab' are themselves opposites